Collaborative robots are increasingly present in the industrial sector. Often known as Cobots (Collaborative robots), they are one of the fundamental elements for manufacturers who want to remain competitive. With a small amount of easy programming, these robots are able to perform tasks automatically. Unlike traditional industrial robots, they are designed by experts to work with humans and not for them.
What Is A Collaborative Industrial Robot?
The programming mode of industrial collaborative robots is achieved by learning. This consists of carrying out a trajectory, solely by manipulating the robotic arm without having to use any code. It is not necessary to install a safety cage around the cobots. Operators can therefore approach them without danger. This gives the possibility of a real interaction between the operators and the robot. This is not the case with traditional industrial robots which, for safety reasons, must remain in a cage.
Cobots have safety features which we simply cannot observe in traditional industrial robots. In case of danger, the robot is programmed to stop immediately to ensure the safety of the operators in the vicinity. This intuitive and accessible programming makes it easier to move the cobots to different applications, depending on the activities of the user company. Thus, collaborative robots are more intuitive, flexible and simple, and can adapt to the requirements and workspace of the users who use them.
Integration Of An Industrial Cobot: The Main Parameters
A company planning to automate an application should consider the following parameters to simplify the integration of a cobot:
- Interfacing the cobot with third-party machines
Installation of additional communication lines may be required to allow the cobot to communicate with other technologies.
- Workstation provisioning
The need for station layout or redesign, moving a line or machine, type of surface, how parts arrive, etc. must be determined.
- Parts Shipping
Determine how the parts are to be shipped out of the station to continue the production line already set up, the replacement of another machine to optimize cycle time, the need for any adjustments, etc.
- Making the right tool
It is of great importance to determine whether the collaborative robot should pick up the parts, whether the parts are fragile or whether the material is alive.
Why Integrate Cobots – Collaborative Robots?
Manufacturers integrating robotization into their production processes can optimize their productivity and remain competitive. This innovative solution promotes versatility and flexibility in these processes. On the same workstation, the productive distribution of tasks between cobots and operators is also favored.
Companies wishing to optimize their structure can access this solution. They also have a better management of labor shortage and absenteeism by integrating industrial collaborative robots.
Regulations concerning cobots
Conventional industrial robots and cobots are subject to the same rules:
- EN ISO 10218-1 and EN ISO 10218-2: safety rules defining recommendations and requirements for information as well as intrinsic prevention for protective measures and use of industrial robots.
- ISO/TS 15066: a specification defining allowing a human to work with the industrial collaborative robot directly.